Bull Run (Manassas), Virginia

Steven Dutch, Professor Emeritus, Natural and Applied Sciences, University of Wisconsin - Green Bay

The Stone House

The Stone House is at the main crossroads in the battlefield and was built in 1848. During the battle it served as a hospital and was repeatedly hit by fire.

 Henry House Hill

Left "I had a dim notion about the "romance" of a soldier's life. I have bravely got over it since."
Henry House Hill was the focus of the battle late in the day, and was where General Thomas Jackson got his nickname of "Stonewall" for his firm stand.
Below: the Henry House. The owner, 85 year old Judith Henry, was bedridden and unable to move. She was hit by a Union artillery shell and soon died of her injuries. The existing house was rebuilt after the war.
Below: Judith Henry's tombstone and those of her son and daughter.
Above: an artillery shell with grapeshot.

Left: There's history and then there's history. Ancient ripple marks in a flagstone at the Vistor Center.

The Unfinished Railroad

History is so thick in Virginia they had to stack battles on top of each other. On August 29, 1862, Union and Confederate forces met in the Second Battle of Bull Run. The action took place west of events in 1861, and an unfinished railroad grade was the principal line of Confederate defense. Again the Union was defeated but this time the retreat was orderly.
Just over the top of the hill crest is a deep cut, which was an impregnable defensive position. The red pillar in the top right corver of the picture above is a near twin to the one on Henry Hill.

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Created 22 June 2007, Last Update 03 June 2020