Steven Dutch, Professor Emeritus, Natural and Applied Sciences,
Universityof Wisconsin - Green Bay
|Ocmulgee National Monument is on the eastern outskirts of Macon,
Georgia. It's not overly well marked. The main entrance is on U. S.
80 (Emery Highway).
Below: the Art Deco Visitor Center.
|Numerous mounds dot the monument. The Earthlodge is at the center, and is reconstructed. The clay floor is original.|
|The visitor center houses an archeological museum. At left is a
Clovis point. The oldest artifact from this site.
Below: various small projectile points.
|Above: pottery shards. Archaic at left, Woodland at right.||Below: Mississippian pottery.|
|Left: evidence of distant trade. Coastal sea shells and copper from Michigan|
|Left: trade goods from post European contact.|
|Left: A number of trenches are still preserved.|
|Left: wetland along Walnut Creek.|
|Left: distant view of the Great Temple Mound.|
|Left: the Great Temple Mound|
|Left: looking west from the Great Temple Mound, with Macon on the
Below: views begin looking northeast and pan counterclockwise to west. The small mound with the stairs is the Lesser Temple Mound.
|Left: Trench west of the Great Temple Mound.|
|Left: excavation of a British trading post.
Below: remains of the trading post.
|Left: typical of the region, the soil is extremely deeply weathered and dominated by kaolinite. The Earthlodge is in the distance.|
|Left: closeup of the kaolinite soil. This is an ultisol (ultimate soil) meaning it's as weathered as a temperate climate soil can get. The only thing beyond this is an oxisol, which requires tropical conditions.|
|Above: the Funeral Mound||Below: the Great Temple Mound, seen from the west. In the right view the Lesser Temple Mound is visible to its left.|
Created 22 June 2007, Last Update 04 June 2020