Ocmulgee National Monument, Macon, Georgia

Steven Dutch, Professor Emeritus, Natural and Applied Sciences, Universityof Wisconsin - Green Bay

Ocmulgee National Monument is on the eastern outskirts of Macon, Georgia. It's not overly well marked. The main entrance is on U. S. 80 (Emery Highway).

Below: the Art Deco Visitor Center.

Numerous mounds dot the monument. The Earthlodge is at the center, and is reconstructed. The clay floor is original.
The visitor center houses an archeological museum. At left is a Clovis point. The oldest artifact from this site.

Below: various small projectile points.

Above: pottery shards. Archaic at left, Woodland at right. Below: Mississippian pottery.
Left: evidence of distant trade. Coastal sea shells and copper from Michigan
Left: trade goods from post European contact.
Left: A number of trenches are still preserved.
Left: wetland along Walnut Creek.
Left: distant view of the Great Temple Mound.
Left: the Great Temple Mound
Left: looking west from the Great Temple Mound, with Macon on the skyline.

Below: views begin looking northeast and pan counterclockwise to west. The small mound with the stairs is the Lesser Temple Mound.

Left: Trench west of the Great Temple Mound.
Left: excavation of a British trading post.

Below: remains of the trading post.

Left: typical of the region, the soil is extremely deeply weathered and dominated by kaolinite. The Earthlodge is in the distance.
Left: closeup of the kaolinite soil. This is an ultisol (ultimate soil) meaning it's as weathered as a temperate climate soil can get. The only thing beyond this is an oxisol, which requires tropical conditions.
Above: the Funeral Mound Below: the Great Temple Mound, seen from the west. In the right view the Lesser Temple Mound is visible to its left.

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Created 22 June 2007, Last Update 04 June 2020