Trigonal (32) Space Groups

Steven Dutch, Professor Emeritus, Natural and Applied Sciences, Universityof Wisconsin - Green Bay

To the right of each space group is a listing of coordinate points. These are thecoordinates to which a general point (x,y,z) is transformed by the space group. Origins(called "equivalent points" in the International Tables), areadditional points around which the points are transformed. For example, (0,0,0) refers toa corner of the unit cell, (1/2,1/2,1/2) to the center. All space groups have origin(0,0,0). For a space group with an additional origin (1/2,1/2,1/2), point (x,y,z) is alsotransformed to (1/2+x,1/2+y,1/2+z) and so on.

3-fold and 6-fold coordinates are tabulated with respect to axes intersecting at 60 degrees. In this oblique coordinate system, coordinates tend to be simple

149-p312.gif (3352 bytes)

149     P312

(+x,+y,+z); (-y,+x-y,+z); (+y-x,-x,+z);
(-y,-x,-z); (+x,+x-y,-z); (+y-x,+y,-z);


150-p321.gif (2919 bytes)

150     P321

(+x,+y,+z); (-y,+x-y,+z); (+y-x,-x,+z);
(+y,+x,-z); (-x,+y-x,-z); (+x-y,-y,-z);


151-p3i1.gif (3007 bytes)

151     P31 12

(+x,+y,+z); (-y,+x-y,1/3+z);  (+y-x,-x,2/3+z);
(+x,+x-y,-z); (+y-x,+y,1/3-z);  (-y,-x,2/3-z);


152-p3i2.gif (2632 bytes)

152     P31 21

(+x,+y,+z); (-y,+x-y,1/3+z);  (+y-x,-x,2/3+z);
(+y,+x,-z); (-x,+y-x,1/3-z);  (+x-y,-y,2/3-z);


153-p3j1.gif (3007 bytes)

153     P32 12

(+x,+y,+z); (-y,+x-y,2/3+z);  (+y-x,-x,1/3+z);
(+x,+x-y,-z); (+y-x,+y,2/3-z);  (-y,-x,1/3-z);


154-p3j2.gif (2646 bytes)

154     P32 21

(+x,+y,+z); (-y,+x-y,2/3+z);  (+y-x,-x,1/3+z);
(+y,+x,-z); (-x,+y-x,2/3-z);  (+x-y,-y,1/3-z);


Rhombohedra are cubes distorted along one of the three fold axes. Coordinates for rhombohedral symmetries can be described in terms of the rhombohedral cell edges or with respect to the threefold symmetry axis system. Coordinates here are given with respect to the threefold symmetry axis system.

155-r32.gif (6094 bytes) 155     R32

Origins:   (0,0,0);  (1/3,2/3,2/3); (2/3,1/3,1/3)

(+x,+y,+z); (-y,+x-y,+z); (+y-x,-x,+z);
(+y,+x,-z); (-x,+y-x,-z); (+x-y,-y,-z);

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Created 13 October 1999, Last Update 11 June 2020